Every physical environment offers an array of advantages as In addition, CO2 is soluble in sea water. Air Quality and Disaster Control. Human beings have developed technologies which adjust climatic elements in a restricted space such as air conditioners and coolers. Human geography looks at the impact and behaviour of people and how they relate to the physical world. In Chapters 4 and 6, we discuss thunderstorms, tornadoes, cyclonic storms, and hurricanes. The Importance Of Physical Geography In The United States 1802 Words | 8 Pages. What are some of the important topics in global change that lie within physical geography? Let's examine a few. It is evident from the foregoing discussion on the nature of physical geography that the detailed consideration of four components of the earth viz. 0', 25. In our solar system, there are other big planets but, have no life due to lack of environment. Water pollution from fertilizer runoff, toxic wastes of industrial production, and acid mine drainage can severely degrade water quality. Rainfall recharges the soil water aquifer which later provides water for agriculture and household use. Other extreme events, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and seismic sea waves (wrongly called tidal waves), are produced by forces deep within the Earth that are not affected by human activity. The importance of geomorphology for physical geographers is not only important in understanding Earth’s physical changes but also in preparing for hazards. In addition to releasing CO2, fuel burning can yield gases that are hazardous to health, especially when they react to form such toxic compounds as ozone and nitric acid in photochemical smog. All rights reserved. Creating care environments tailored towards the individual person’s needs is essential for high-quality care and is increasingly recognised as being associated with improved health and well-being among older people. The geographical conditions of a region influence its culture. Extreme weather events, which will become more frequent with human-induced climate change, as well as other rare natural events, are increasingly destructive to our expanding human population. Living things live in their environment. Catastrophic events—floods, fires, hurricanes, earthquakes, and the like—can have great and long-lasting impacts on both human and natural systems. As a text in physical geography that emphasizes the natural processes of the Earth's land surface, we touch on air and water pollution in several chapters—Chapter 4 for air pollution and Chapter 14 for surface water pollution, irrigation effects, and ground water contamination. Mountains provide pastures, forests, tourist spots and are sources of rivers providing water to lowlands. It includes the study of lithosphere (Examples: landforms, drainage, relief and physiography), atmosphere (its composition, formation, elements and controls of weather and temperature, pressure, winds, rainfall, climatic types, etc. Over the past decade, nearly all scientists have come to the opinion that human activity has, indeed, begun to change our climate. If you feel the need to, you have a reason to say that geography is important. Solar energy An important future resource is solar energy generated in the desert regions. Rivers, Lakes and Coasts. a special emphasis on human–environment relationships. Environment and global change are sufficiently important that we have set off these topics by placing them in special sections identified with Eye on Global Change that open each chapter. It allows us to know the expanse of landforms and water bodies in terms of their size, height, or depth. The word environment means surroundings, in which organisms live. The processes of the carbon cycle are described in Chapter 8. Rediscovering Geography presents a broad overview of geography's renewed importance in a changing world. Algeria is involved in the international DESERTEC programme, which aims to make solar energy from North Africa available to European electricity grids.. Geography doesn’t just find out whether humans can live in a definite area or not, it also determines people’s lifestyles, as they adjust to the obtainable food and atmosphere patterns. It is evident from the foregoing discussion on the nature of physical geography that the detailed consideration of four components of the earth viz. Human activity is reducing the biodiversity of many of the Earth's natural habitats. Essay on the Scope of Physical Geography: . Physical Environment Physical geography focuses on the processes that shape the Earth’s physical environment and on the geographic patterns resulting from them. Climate 4. Physics Laboratory, NOAA Soil 6. For example, rivers bring water and allow for agricultural development, while mountains or deserts provide for protection and create a barrier. Maps, an important part of the study of geography, help us locate places on the globe. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earth’s surface and the human societies spread across it.They also examine how human culture interacts with the natural environment, and the way that locations and places can have an impact on people. It is essential for enabling human resolution as per the adjacent conditions and to be improved informed in order to protect our planet earth. To learn all the different places on earth as well as their cultural and physical characteristics in … Creating care environments tailored towards the individual person’s needs is essential for high-quality care and is increasingly recognised as being associated with improved health and well-being among older people. Ground water reservoirs can also be polluted or turn salty in coastal zones when drawn down excessively. Physical Environment Physical geography focuses on the processes that shape the Earth’s physical environment and on the geographic patterns resulting from them. Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean.It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator. F For instance, understanding issues of deforestation, soil properties, and seasonal precipitation can better assess frequencies of flooding events and their potential danger. This is important because physical geographical features determine the kind of activity people living around them can practice. Environmental Geography. Geography students, at an early age, learn about ways to conserve and preserve our resources, and how important it is to keep our air, water, and land suit- able for future generations. Temperature and rainfall make sure the compactness of forests and quality of grassland. Biogeographers focus on both the existing biodiversity of the Earth's many natural habitats and the processes that create and maintain biodiversity. These defense mechanisms involve bioactive compounds that can sometimes be very useful, ranging from natural pesticides that increase crop yields to medicines that fight human cancer. Environmental pollution, its causes, its effects, and the technologies used to reduce pollution, form a subject that is broad in its own right. But as the human population continues to expand and comes to rely increasingly on a technological infrastructure ranging from skyscrapers to the Internet, we are becoming more sensitive to damage and disruption of these systems by extreme events. We study oceans which are the storehouse of resources. Environmental change is now produced not only by the natural processes that have acted on our planet for millions of years but also by human activity. The answer lies in the greenhouse effect. For example, the natural environment in urban areas confines people living there to lifestyles different from those of rural dwellers. Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, … Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Physical geography is the key to understanding this interaction. Physical geography now concentrates on the Earth’s surface processes, therefore, involving field and laboratory investigations of contemporary processes and the reconstruction of past environments, especially the relatively recent past (which includes collaboration with archaeologists). Physical geography is the branch of geography dealing with natural features and processes. Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and seismic sea waves are covered in Chapter 12. These topics are treated in Chapters 8 and 9. However, some natural processes reduce atmospheric CO2. It can be living or non-living things. Plants withdraw CO2 from the atmosphere by taking it up in photosynthesis to construct plant tissues, such as cell walls and wood. Time provides maturity to soils and facilitates in the maturity of soil shapes. Importance of Environment for life An environment is a sole factor for the existence of life on earth. But climate is notoriously variable. Geography relates behavior of man to his physical environment. This is the key question facing scientists studying global climate change. It seems that almost every year we hear that it has been the hottest year, or one of the hottest years, on record. Could such a string of hot years be part of the normal variation? ADVERTISEMENTS: This article throws light upon the top six elements of physical environment. At other times, the changes are rapid, as when hurricane winds flatten vast areas of forests or even tracts of houses and homes. Soils also make available the foundation for the biosphere accommodating plants, animals, and microorganisms. It is the study of our planet and its structure, e.g., ecosystems, climate, atmosphere, etc. ... Geography is the study of the earth in all its variety; it deals with the human geography, environment geography and the physical geography. Continued development of applied physical geography will help analyze and correct human-induced environmental problems. Physical geography is the study of the aspects and environment of the earth’s hard surface and oceans, atmosphere and weather, allocation of plant and animal life, etc. Physical vs. food chain, ecological parameters and ecological balance). Why is geography so important in the study of the environmental sciences today? For example, rivers bring water and allow for agricultural development, while mountains or deserts provide for protection and create a barrier. Such degradation impacts not only the ecosystems of streams and rivers, but also the human populations that depend on rivers and streams as sources of water supply. Physical geography is the branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography. Physical geography is the study of the physical characteristics of the earth, how those characteristics interact with and relate to each other, how they are formed, and how they develop. It deals with the various climatic zones, flora and fauna, wild animals, the hydrological cycles, precipitation, the wind pressures, the microclimates, soil erosion, desserts, etc. The importance of geomorphology for physical geographers is not only important in understanding Earth’s physical changes but also in preparing for hazards. Plateaus provide forests and minerals. lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, are included in physical geography wherein character­istic features of these components are studied spatially and temporally. Droughts and consequent wildfires and crop failures will happen more often, as will spells of rain and flood runoff. To learn the location of places and the physical and cultural characteristics of those places in order … Physical geographers concern geomorphologic principals to study how landforms have changed in history, but ever more such principals are significant for contemporary applications. Is human activity responsible for the increased occurrence of these extreme events? Cultural Geography. natural environment. Environment is everything that is around. Sometimes the changes are slow and subtle, as when crustal plates move over geologic time to create continents and ocean basins. Advances in technology have caused the development of many new i… It seems that almost every year we hear that it has been the hottest year, or one of the hottest years, on record. Remote sensing. In the last decade, we have seen numerous examples of extreme weather events, from Hurricane Katrina in 2005—the most costly storm in U.S. history—to the Southeast drought of 2007, which devastated crops in large parts of the southeastern United States. The geography of a region affects the lifestyle of its inhabitants. Geographical Location 2. For instance, understanding issues of deforestation, soil properties, and seasonal precipitation can better assess frequencies of flooding events and their potential danger. Are human activities increasing the frequency of these extreme events? Climate influences our house types, clothing and food habits. Solar energy An important future resource is solar energy generated in the desert regions. Geography has been made a core subject in U.S. schools, and scientists from a variety of disciplines are using analytical tools originally developed by geographers. Environmental geography represents a critically important set of analytical tools for assessing the impact of human presence on the environment by measuring the result of human activity on natural landforms and cycles. Meaning and Definition: The term environment has been derived from a French word “Environia” means to surround. This is the key question facing scientists studying global climate change. Physical Geography plays a very vital role in the very existence of human beings. Droughts in the African Sahel are presented in Chapter 7. Three important environmental factors were water, topography, and vegetation. Soils are renewable resources, which influence a number of economic activities such as agriculture. It refers to both abiotic (physical or non-living) and biotic (living) environment. So, Geography is the study of the Earth’s overall surroundings and the creature that live in those environments. The human race has populated our planet so thoroughly that few places remain free of some form of human impact. In Physical Geography, you will study all about the various elements of nature. Because natural processes are constantly active, the Earth's environments are constantly changing. Each component is significant for human beings. The fertility of the soil is both naturally determined and culturally induced. Evolution of the Himalayan Drainage System, Crab armies can be a key issue in coral wall preservation, Beaches cannot be extinct if sea levels continue to rise, Autonomous “Smellicopter” Drone Can Seek Out Scents with Live Moth Antennae, Scientists are finally studying why some of you don’t overturn your regulator, The vast wetlands of Els Eels are the most recorded at the bottom of the ocean. Every physical environment offers an array of advantages as © copyright 2020 QS Study. How has this happened? Hence it requires an understanding of the environment of which man is a part. Significant evidence now points in that direction. Why do ecosystems provide such excellent opportunities for physical geographers to study the interactions between humans and the natural environment? J. MacFarlane describes Economic Geography as the study of “influence exerted on the eco­nomic activity of man by his physical environment, and more specifically by the form and structure of the surface of the land, the climatic conditions which prevail upon it and the spatial relations in which its different regions stand to one another.” If human activities inadvertently reduce biodiversity significantly, there is a greater risk of unexpected and unintended human effects on natural environments. The main objective of this online textbook is to introduce students to the exciting field of knowledge known as physical geography.Physical geography is a discipline that is part of a much larger area of understanding called geography. Besides fish and other sea-food, oceans are rich in mineral resources. 2. A student of applied physical geography uses theoretical information from the field of physical geography to manage and solve problems related to natural phenomena found in the real world. Geography is the study of the Earth’s landscapes, environments and the people who live in those landscapes and environments. Taken with other gases, they act to raise the Earth's surface temperature, with consequences including dislocation of agricultural areas, rise in sea level, and increased frequency of extreme weather events, such as severe storms or record droughts. Knowing about the physical geography of Earth is important for every serious student studying the planet because the natural processes of Earth affect the distribution of resources (from carbon dioxide in the air to freshwater on the surface to minerals deep underground) and the conditions of the human settlement. Another important reason for maintaining biodiversity is that complex ecosystems with many species tend to be more stable and to respond better to environmental change. As we all know, unchecked human activity can degrade environmental quality. a special emphasis on human–environment relationships. What Climates and Weather Would Occur Here. Physical geography is the study of the aspects and environment of the earth’s hard surface and oceans, atmosphere and weather, allocation of plant and animal life, etc. Environmental geography is the branch of geography that describes the spatial aspects of interactions between humans and the natural world. Geography seeks to understand … Importance of environmental geography: Environmental geography helps in understanding the physical land forms and their relationship with human activities.This helps researchers identify what human activities lead to what land forms and how to avoid or encourage certain activities that affect the environment.Environment geography also helps in simplifying life by studying the … It is the study of our planet and its structure, e.g., ecosystems, climate, atmosphere, etc. Climate change is a recurring theme throughout this book, ranging from the urban heat island effect that tends to raise city temperatures to the El Nino phenomenon that alters global atmospheric and ocean circulation, to the effect of clouds on global warming, and to rising sea level due to the expansion of sea water with increasing temperature. For example, areas with harsh climates like California's Death Valley region are sparsely populated. Students learn about the social, spatial, and biophysical processes that shape society’s relationship to nature, management of resources, and contemporary environmental change. Physical features like rivers, lakes, and inland seas were good sources of fresh water. It includes physical, chemicals and other natural forces. Oi Steve Hcpk.ns vet. This is an important field of study for understanding present environmental stresses and for preparing students interested in various environmental careers. PDF | On Jan 1, 2018, Karl S. Zimmerer published Geography and the study of human-environment relations. lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, are included in physical geography wherein character­istic features of these components are studied spatially and temporally. Global change, then, involves not only natural processes, but also human processes that interact with them. Could such a string of hot years be part of the normal variation? They hope that this understanding will suggest alternative actions that can reduce the rate of CO2 buildup without penalizing economic growth. Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. But climate is notoriously variable. As our planet warms in response to changes in the greenhouse effect, global climate modelers predict that weather extremes will become more severe and more frequent. Their study helps us form a mental image of the distances and locations of various regions on the planet. It also deals with the interaction of our planet Earth with that of the sun, moon, stars, space. Such factors can relate to the physical environment like climate and topography or be related to the social, economic and political environments of an area. Geography and the environment play a monumental role in the establishment and success of a nearly every civilization. 2. Physical geography is concerned with the natural world around us—in short, with the human environment. Geography and the environment play a monumental role in the establishment and success of a nearly every civilization. Among scientists, environmentalists, and the public, there is a growing awareness that the diversity in the plant and animal forms harbored by our planet—the Earth's biodiversity—is an immensely valuable resource that will be cherished by future generations. In ancient times, environmental factors influenced people’s choices of where to settle. For, example, in India, monsoonal rainfall sets the cultivation measure in motion. Geography is divided into physical geography and cultural geography. One way to reduce human impact on the greenhouse effect is to slow the release of CO2 from fossil fuel burning. The environment assists in the purification of air from the … The weather has a thoughtful consequence on vegetation, cropping pattern, domestic animals farming, and several industries, etc. Every student who studies about the planet earth should also study Physical Geography. Are human activities changing global climate? Over the past decade, nearly all scientists have come to the opinion that human activity has, indeed, begun to change our climate. One important reason for preserving as many natural species as possible is that, over time, species have evolved natural biochemical defense mechanisms against diseases and predators. Topography: The topographical features of any region also play very important roles in the activities … The most prominent of these gases is CO2, which is released by fossil fuel burning. Now the next map shows yet another crucial aspect of physical geography. The countries that have proximate access to international trade have tended to grow better, faster, and earlier and those that are landlocked and far from the ports have tended, with some important exceptions, to be laggards in the process of economic development. Landforms give the base on which human activities are placed. These two important pathways, by which carbon flows from the atmosphere to lands and oceans, are part of the carbon cycle. The elements are: 1. The importance of water in erosion plus the transport and deposition of sedimentary materials is reflected by work in geographical hydrology. The following describes some of the important future trends in physical geography research: Applied geography. Is an important field of study for understanding present environmental stresses and for preparing students interested various! That create and maintain biodiversity individualised care, clothing and food habits unexpected and unintended human effects natural! 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